Will Cyber Warfare Range have impact? Bank on it
Story by Lana Sweeten-Shults
Photos by Travis Neely
GCU News Bureau
A Bonnie-and-Clyde type have just robbed a bank.
Charissa Nolan is on their trail.
From behind a keyboard and the blue-tinged glow of a computer screen, she clicks a computer mouse here and tap-tap-taps on a keyboard there, hacking into the couple’s encrypted emails.
Soon, she has unraveled those encrypted emails – the telltale signs of a bank robbery plan being put into motion.
Bank robbers caught in the act – well, virtually, at least.
It was just one of the scenarios cybersecurity aficionados tackled Wednesday morning at the grand opening of the Arizona Cyber Warfare Range – Metro Phoenix, a 4,500-square-foot facility at Grand Canyon University that’s the first jewel in the crown of what will become a 140,000 square-foot innovation center but also is a reflection of the campus’ focus on becoming a leader in science, technology, engineering and math.
“I’ve always loved messing around with computers,” said Nolan, a GCU sophomore information technology major with an emphasis in cybersecurity who was at the range with her class. “My sophomore year of high school, I actually hacked into one of my teacher’s computers. He was locked out.”
Nolan loved the adrenaline rush and still has her eye on becoming a cyberwarrior.
“I would love to work for companies and keep them safe from being hacked.”
It’s a thought shared by Jeanne Barconey, an applied business and information systems major who is thinking of going into cybersecurity.
“I’m actually tired of people hacking into people’s accounts,” she said, mentioning how her family is in the medical field, so she always is hearing news stories about how medical records are a prime target for hackers. “I want to be one of the ones to stop the hackers.”
When it comes to hacker-stopping, that’s what the new cyber warfare range is dedicated to helping people do as a free, hands-on, real-time, real-world cybersecurity training center. It’s where anyone can drop by – the range is open to the community, not just GCU students – to learn everything from password cracking to keycard cloning and breaking into networks.
GCU President Brian Mueller, addressing a crowd of more than 100 media, community and industry leaders, expressed how important cybersecurity has become – and how vital a facility such as the cyber warfare range is. Cybercrimes worldwide, he said, are expected to cost $6 trillion by 2021, cyberattacks take place every 39 seconds, 4 million records are stolen by cybercriminals every day, and 50 percent of cyberattacks occur against small businesses that lead to permanent closure within six months, according to 2017 statistics from Cybersecurity Ventures.
“The cost of this is obviously HUGE,” Mueller said.
Featured open house speaker John Iannarelli, a retired FBI special agent in the cyber division, detailed that cost on a global scale.
“I have dedicated my professional life in the FBI in working cybermatters for 20 years,” said Iannarelli, a frequent contributor to CNN and Fox News. “… The reality is, we are at war, and if we don’t win this war, many things we take for granted will no longer exist.”
The former FBI special agent has participated in the investigations of the Oklahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attack but said “it’s the cyberworld that really concerns me. We have significant enemies out there, people who want to do us harm, when we look at the rogue nations out there, China to a certain degree, certainly North Korea and Iran, who are actively engaged in attacking us (and our) critical infrastructures.”
The FBI, he said, “is sadly lacking” when it comes to cybersecurity and that we need collaborative efforts, such as the cyber warfare range, to win the battle.
“This is a war we cannot afford to lose.”
Unfortunately, Mueller added, not enough people are trained in cybersecurity to fill all the job openings. More than 300,000 jobs are open in the cybersecurity industry in the country with 7,200 of those job openings in Arizona, based on numbers from Cyberseek.
“We’re one of the only universities in the country to have a master’s degree program in cybersecurity,” Mueller said.
Dr. Heather Monthie, Assistant Dean of GCU’s College of Science, Engineering and Technology, said the master’s program teaches the University’s “cyberLopes” not just hands-on skills, but management skills, and legal and ethical issues under a “hackers with halos” concept.
Mueller added that it’s not possible to bring everybody who needs to be trained to fill all those job openings to a physical location such as GCU or the cyber warfare range.
“This is going to have to be done through innovative practices. … It’s going to have to be done online,” he said.
GCU is itself an innovator in online learning, touting more than 70,000 online students.
Frank Grimmelmann, President and CEO of the Arizona Cyber Threat Response Alliance, said the cyber warfare range is part of the solution to those cyberthreats. For one, it’s a way to find people who have cybersecurity skills.
“By combining the volunteer-driven cyber warfare range with substantial cyber resources through donations through the community, we create a magnet which allows us to draw into the range people who have the ability but do not have the resources to be able to recognize their whole talent and take it to the next level,” he said. “… These kids and adults, we want to attract through peer-to-peer education.”
The unique thing about the range, he said, is that it offers a “real-world environment” with hands-on learning.
Scott McCrea, GCU College of Science, Engineering and Technology faculty member, echoed that sentiment. While anyone can learn via textbook and virtually, “This is a live-fire range our students are looking at with live-fire engagements,” he said, meaning anyone in the community can go in and actually break a password code or hack into a system – for the purpose, of course, of learning what cyber bad guys do and to better know how to defeat them.
People with calluses and dirt on their hands, McCrea said, will be better prepared than the theorists.
Brett Scott co-founded the Arizona Cyber Warfare Range in the East Valley. The Metro Phoenix range on the GCU campus, at 27th Street and Camelback, is the range’s second location.
He said of the facility, which is operated by volunteers, “As good as you want to be (in cybersecurity), we’ll get you there.”
Many universities wanted to partner with the Arizona Cyber Warfare Range, he said, but “GCU has proven to be honorable, brave. … We are blessed to have such a wonderful partner in GCU.” (The range’s other partner is the Arizona Cyber Threat Response Alliance.)
One of the range’s primary missions is education: “We want to teach you how to attack. How on earth do you defend something if you don’t know how to attack?” Scott said, adding that other cybersecurity training programs don’t allow you to do some of the hacking activities that go on at the range.
“We have real targets. We’re running a real network. It’s designed to be destroyed. … We want you to do all that scary stuff.”
Another of the facility’s missions is in intelligence and battling other countries that are trying to attack the United States.
Scott said most people in the cybersecurity industry, unfortunately, are bad at cybersecurity. The range has an ultimate mission, and that’s to “change the cybersecurity industry.”
The Arizona Cyber Warfare Range – Metro Phoenix is open to the public at no cost. Its hours are 5 a.m. to 1 a.m. Monday through Saturday, though visitors are asked to check the range’s calendar online (at www.azcwr.org) beforehand to make sure volunteers are present. For more information on the range, call 623-300-2002.
Contact GCU senior writer Lana Sweeten-Shults at (602) 639-7901 or [email protected]. Follow her on Twitter @LanaSweetenShul.